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Prostate cancer

Of all the geriatric diseases, Prostrate Cancer is the most common among men above 65. This disease affecting aged males is the fifth most prevalent form of cancer and the second most cancer diagnosed among men worldwide.

Prostate cancer in India- statistics

Every year, 15 lakh cases of Prostate Cancer have been detected in India of which 85% are at stage 4. Prostate Cancer has also been found to be of high incidence in metropolitan cities Delhi and Mumbai rather than rural areas. This clearly shows that Prostrate Cancer could well be a lifestyle disease affecting the elderly and has greater incidence beyond 70 years.

Prostate Cancer - causes & symptoms

Prostate Cancer affects the prostate gland which is a small walnut-shaped gland that secretes the seminal fluid which transports the sperm.

  • The causes for Prostate Cancer may be advancing age above 65, heredity, greater height and weight or lifestyle habits like smoking and intake of fatty foods.

  • Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include frequent urination, Trouble in Urination with pain or blockage while urinating , blood in urine and semen or Bone pain.

Diagnosis for Prostate Cancer

The diagnosis for Prostate Cancer involves initial screening followed by tests and scans. Screening for cancer of the prostate glands is recommended by urologists after 50s. This may be in the form of

  • Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) - This includes the physical examination of the prostate glands using lubricated gloves.

  • Prostate-Specific Antigen test (PSA)- Here a small blood sample drawn from a vein in the patient's arm and tested for PSA. PSA or Prostate Specific Antigen is secreted by the prostate glands. If its value is of a higher count, this involves, infection or inflammation of the prostate glands.

Tests for Prostate Cancer:

  • Trans-rectal Ultrasound- This ultrasound test uses a cigar-sized probe to be inserted into the gland to detect abnormalities in the gland using ultrasound waves. This painless 10 minute procedure gives a complete picture of the gland.

Prostate Biopsy- Using a core needle , a urologist takes a small sample of the prostate tissue to check for malignancy of cancer cells.

  • MRI Ultrasound Fusion Biopsy: This new technique involves a combination of MRI and Ultrasound imaging techniques to get a 3D map giving a 360˚ view of the prostate glands.

Diagnosis for Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is evaluated on the basis of Gleason's score or grade which ranges between 1-9. Doctors classify this cancer on the basis of Gleason's score as follows

  • Grade <=6 means the cancer is low-grade.
  • Grade=7 means intermediate grade cancer
  • Grade>= 8 means high grade cancer.

The following imaging tests are used to detect spread of prostate cancer:

  • 1. Bone scan to check if bones are affected.
  • 2. Lymph node biopsy to check if lymph nodes are affected.
  • 3. CT or MRI scans to check the spread to soft tissues

Prostate Cancer treatments in India

Prostate Cancer treatments in India are done successfully at various medical center's and may be in the form of

  • 1. Prostate Cancer Surgery
  • 2. External Beam Therapy
  • 3. Hormone Therapy
  • 4. Chemotherapy.

Prostate Cancer is no longer a threat if detected early and treated well. Get the best health assistance from the medical tourism companies in India that could help you in the early finding and healing of Prostate cancer by linking you with the best physicians for Prostate Cancer surgery in India.

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